The storage of WD Easystore hard drive is up to 10TB capacity. The WD Easystore is a really simple and easy-to-use desktop hard drive. Remove every single trace, daemons included. This will mount the WD Easystore hard drive. Time Machine compatibility 1 with Mac. WD Elements / WD easystore; Embedded & Removable Flash; WD ReadyView; Legacy & Other Products; Downloads WD Software; Product Firmware; Product Downloads; Warranty & Returns Warranty Services; Warranty Policy; Data Recovery; Shipping Addresses; Warranty Status; Product Replacement; RMA Status They both come with the WD Discovery software and the WD Drive Utilities, which are, unsurprisingly, simple utilities that help you find, manage, and format your hard drive. Accessing the digital media stored on your WD external hard drives directly from your Windows 8 Start screen is now easier than ever. You can manage all of your files from My Book or WD Drive Utilities. › Software › Acer Software ... hard drive to your computer and choose it. Simply download WD Backup software, plug in your drive and set your hourly, daily or monthly schedule. … It also has a sturdier design and lasts longer as a result. She lost access to her files and is very upset. Mount your WD EasyStore Hard Drive: Navigate to the Applications folder and then click the Utilities option followed by the Disk Utility option. Connect the WD Easystore hard drive to your computer via USB cable. The drive is known for its high capacity, automatic backup software, and universal connectivity. You should open a Western Digital Website page with “Welcome to WD Support” across the top. valid email address. Easy-to-use auto backup software easystore desktop storage comes equipped with WD Backup™ software. Alright people, found the solution. WD Software WD Easystore and My Passport come with WD Backup and WD Recovery. Select the Show All Devices option, choose the WD Easystore hard drive, and click the Mount option. Hi all, I have a 1 TB WD My Passport Essentials SE External hard disk that I had to reformat and I lost the Proprietary software that came on the disk. Answer ID  21239 |   This answer explains what to do when a WD external (USB, FireWire, or eSata) drive is no longer given a...read more. To start with, the WD Easystore range of hard drives are only available through Best Buy. Easy-to-Use Auto Backup Software Zedload.com provides 24/7 fast download access to the most recent releases. Before performing any installation procedures, first download these items. With this drive, you get connectivity with USB 3.0 devices as well as backward compatibility with USB 2.0 devices. I updated the drive firmware online and downloaded the Smartware and installed this on the PC but none of the original software is on the hard disk. {{promotion.info.offerTextCtaLabel}}, {{item.prices.sale.amountFormatted}} / {{item.prices.sale.billingPlanName}} *. Just choose it to start data recovery. Simply download WD Backup software, plug in your drive and set your hourly, daily or monthly schedule. WD Community | Easy-to-Use Auto Backup Software easystore™ portable storage comes equipped with WD Backup™ software. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. * Excluding taxes and shipping costs; after any applicable coupons have been applied. How to Back up Data to WD Easystore or My Passport. I have an external WD easystore hard drive i use for backing up my data on my computers at home. The Western Digital easystore 14TB external drive is the most storage that you can buy at $190. Please close current version of the WD Drive Utility. We are successful because we understand the importance of your data and are driven to help preserve your memories. Free standard shipping on all eligible orders over $25. See all External Hard Drives $109.99 Black Friday is almost here and we are looking at impressive tech deals all around. Get More Out of WD Discovery Included WD Discovery software*** makes it easy to back up your photos, videos, and documents to the easystore desktop … 1.- If you have administrative rights go to START button, and right click on “COMPUTER” and Select “MANAGE” or find MANAGE on your system. Easy-to-use auto backup software easystore desktop storage comes equipped with WD Backup software. Easy-to-Use Auto Backup Software easystore desktop storage comes equipped with WD Backup software. Easystore costs a bit more but offers dedicated software like WD Backup and WD Discover. See all External Hard Drives It is compatible with both Windows and Mac, and it has flexible installation options. To setup the Scheduled Backup on the drive, Refer to the link given below. All rights reserved. Hit Accept if its useful 0. It also has WD Backup, a system that allows you to set a certain hour, day or month to automatically back up your files. WD Easystore hard drive (includes external hard drive and desktop hard drive) is super large storage hard drive offered by Western Digital company. Hi, Windows uses a unique identifier called a disk signature to tell one drive from another. WD Easystore is Plug and Play Direct Attached Storage external drive. Just choose one based on your actual situations. WD Easystore vs My Passport Price. Bottom Line. Download maker story so far split zip. It is useful for using it as a backup storage device for your videos, pictures, games, files etc. This is a great solution for you to be able to quickly share your photos, videos, and documents on social media sites and upload them to cloud services. Wd Easystore Software; It shows you all of the tracks and sessions located like explorer, making it feasible to look at the data more. Best Buy is a US firm trading in the USA, Canada, and Mexico. WD Easystore is an external hard drive that helps you to store and back up your data over a cloud network. They are all files for her business. • Formatted NTFS Built with WD® reliability You can connect this hard drive to your computer via a USB cable. I did like that both products come with built-in backup service because too many people have lost data because they simply forgot to manually back it up. WD Elements and Easystore are both fully functional on Windows and the drives are shipped with NTFS formatting. is quite possibly the most annoying software I have ever had the missfortune to encounter, with no way of getting rid of it! and Free standard shipping on all eligible orders over $25. The large WD Easystore hard drive provides plenty room for photos, videos, documents, music or any other files. Answer ID  20821 |   This answer explains how to format a drive in the exFAT or FAT32 file system...read more. Western Digital offers an expansive portfolio of technologies, storage devices, systems and solutions for businesses and consumers alike. This means that the Easystore isn’t officially available outside of these countries, as the product is exclusive to Best Buy. WD Discovery software can also be used to manage your drive settings like reformatting, LED control and more. Simply download WD Backup software, plug in your drive and set your hourly, daily or monthly schedule. WD Elements is great for gaming consoles and WD Easystore is great for Mac. 'Item' : 'Items'}}), / {{relatedProducts[sessionRelatedproduct.code].minPricedSKU.billingPlanName}}, By clicking the "Sign Up" button below, you acknowledge Western Digital's. The WD My Passport and the WD Easystore come with WD Discovery Software. • Portable hard drive The WD easystore 8 terabyte is a great value for you money. Get More Out of WD Discovery I am working on a friends 320GB Passport Essential. Hi all, I have a 1 TB WD My Passport Essentials SE External hard disk that I had to reformat and I lost the Proprietary software that came on the disk. WD easystore is available only at Best Buy. Oops! This form is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google. If you need a terabyte of storage, which is pretty difficult for the average user to completely fill up (unless you’re a media junkie and have hard disks packed with movies and music), you can get an Easystore 1 TB for only $50. WD Easystore Desktop is a well-known option on the higher end of the price range. October 2019. The only annoying thing is the loud operation when reading/writing on the HDD. To get started, choose the Western Digital brand you’d like help with: {{variantCategoryOption.variantCategoryLabel}}. It’s plug and play, so you can start saving data right away, and its USB 3.0 interface enables rapid file transfers of up to 5 Gbps. Daniel_SK Member Posts: 2 New User. Western Digital reserves the right to change or discontinue this offer at any time without notice. Installing a WD hard drive takes just a few simple steps. Drives, External Desktop Easyship Logistic Easyship Logistic Worldwide Shipping Currier . Answer ID  20465 |   WD Discovery Online User Guide....read more. WD Easystore hard drive (includes external hard drive and desktop hard drive) is super large storage hard drive offered by Western Digital company. easystore™ desktop storage comes equipped with WD Backup™ software. Description Only at Best Buy Keep files safe on this 1TB Western Digital hard drive. If both drives are the same make, size and type, chances are they will have the same disk signature. Turns out the WD Discovery software is messing MacOS up. The three tools you receive are WD Discovery, WD Backup, and WD Utilities. Final Shipping and Taxes calculated at checkout, {{relatedProducts[sessionRelatedproduct.code].pageTitle}}, {{relatedProducts[sessionRelatedproduct.code].minPricedSKU.amountFormatted}}. Included WD Discovery software* makes it easy to back up your photos, videos and documents to the easystore desktop drive. Terms of Use. Western Digital 8TB easystore Hard Drive unboxing and installationBuy on Amazon https://amzn.to/2VrthYtAs an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Recently I realized that the NAS I use for Blue Iris didn’t have enough storage. Low stock alert Receive notification when stock count is low. Select “WD Element / WD Easystore” on the right end. Enter your account email address to receive an email with password reset instructions. • USB cable The restore button will be highligted only if the drive is connected and try using a Diffrent cable this should solve th... ...Read more, © 2020 Western Digital Corporation or its affiliates. WD 8 TB My Book USB 3.0 Desktop Hard Drive with Password Protection and Auto Backup Software, Black WD 12 TB Elements Desktop External Hard Drive - USB 3.0, Black Seagate 8 TB Backup Plus Hub USB 3.0 Desktop 3.5 Inch External Hard Drive for PC and Mac with 2 Months Free Adobe Creative Cloud Photography Plan WD Elements / WD easystore; Embedded & Removable Flash; WD ReadyView; Legacy & Other Products; Downloads WD Software; Product Firmware; Product Downloads; Warranty & Returns Warranty Services; Warranty Policy; Data Recovery; Shipping Addresses; Warranty Status; Product Replacement; RMA Status WD Software: The Mac computer might not recognize the WD Easystore hard drive if the installed WD software is not compatible. WD 14TB external hard drive: was $310, now $200 @ Best Buy With a crazy amount of storage for a relatively small amount of money, the WD Easystore 14TB comes NTFS-formatted and ready to go. Simplify shipping and reduce delivery costs with Delyva.com + EasyStore integration. Click on the Support Tab at the top left of the screen. If not, the drive might be damaged. Something went wrong. Details & exclusions, By clicking the "Sign In" button, you agree to Western Digital's But WD Easystore is also an excellent hard drive with large capacity and reasonable prices. Hi, Try Replugging in the drive to the computer with a diffrent cable since. Privacy Statement From this comparison, you can find that the Western Digital backup software alternative – MiniTool ShadowMaker is more effective and powerful than WD backup software since it supports backing up different backup source and supports different devices. One line unique Introduction: The WD – Easystore 4TB External USB 3.0 Hard Drive is a great solution for backing up all your data as it is fast and has a great software interface to help you with all your back up problems.. Introduction: I have been planning to buy an external hard drive for some time and after some market study, I finally chose this model. Your form has been submitted successfully! I finally replaced my Ring doorbell with this Blue Iris compatible Amcrest Doorbell Camera. WD Backup allows you to automatically back up your files by setting the schedule, for example, hourly, daily, or monthly. Time Machine compatibility with Mac. Do Your Data Recovery Free will show it on the main interface. The 4TB hard drive accommodates a large volume of videos and pictures, and the WD software ensures automatically updated copies of files via continuous or scheduled backup settings. WD Discovery software can also be used to manage your drive settings like reformatting, LED control and more. • WD Discovery™ software2 with WD Backup™ WD – Easystore 1TB External USB 3.0 Portable Hard Drive – Black. • Reformatting required for macOS. It works on 2 of 3 computers. Drip Email marketing automation that craft every interaction with your leads. The easystore portable drive is a high capacity option in a compact, lightweight device. This Western Digital easystore portable storage bundle includes a 32GB USB flash drive that offers extra space. I have 9 computers in total in my household, of which 7 are desktops which I built myself using WD … WD Recovery allows you to connect to popular social media and cloud storage services like Google Drive, Dropbox, and Facebook. Start your 14-day free trial with all features unlocked, no credit card required. The information is then quite thoro. The large WD Easystore hard drive provides plenty room for photos, videos, documents, music or any other files. Download WD WDBCKA0080HBK-NESN EasyStore 8TB HDD User Guide. How to Partition and Format a WD Drive on Windows and macOS, WD external drive is not seen by Windows or Mac and data on the drive is inaccessible, How to Format a WD hard drive to exFAT or FAT32 File System, WD Passport essential - no file access, drive is unallocated, drive is pasword locked, Multiple passports -- signature collision [solved], Manage RAID configuration (For RAID supported models), Set drive sleep timer (on supported drives). WD Discovery software can also be used to manage your drive settings like reformatting, LED control and more. In this case, you need to update the WD software via the WD Discovery software. The software is kinda useless to maybe try other third part HDD management software. 1 of the drives is still unopened in it’s box if anyone wants it. As mentioned above, WD Backup is an automatic software for Windows 10/8/7/Vista to back up your files to a Western Digital hard drive for data protection. Answer ID  3653 |   This answer explains how to backup files using WD Backup...read more. The easystore portable drive is both USB 3.0 ready and USB 2.0 compatible, and built with the trusted quality and reliability that WD® is known for. High capacity System Requirements • Windows® 10, Windows 8.1 or Windows 7 © 2021 Western Digital Corporation or its affiliates. EasyStore M2 (Altos) uses raid ... 0. Simply download WD Backup software, plug in your drive and set your hourly, daily or monthly schedule. Find specifications, data sheets, and more. As a global leader in the storage technology industry, WD is committed to delivering quality products, exceptional customer service and industry-leading solutions, and backs the easystore™ USB 3.0 flash drive with a 2-year limited warranty. Anyone suggest where I can download that software. I w... ...Read more, WD Community | Time Machine compatibility** with Mac. Our data-centric solutions are comprised of the Western Digital®, G-Technology®, SanDisk® and WD® brands. Free Download. easystore™ portable storage comes equipped with WD Backup™ software. The maximum storage capacity offered by this external hard drive is 4TB. ...Read more, WD Community | Enter your account email address to receive an email to validate your account. Help preserve your memories when you're on the go with the easystore™ portable storage. This allows you to connect to social media sites like Facebook and to Cloud services such as Dropbox and Google Drive. I updated the drive firmware online and downloaded the Smartware and installed this on the PC but none of the original software is on the hard disk. This USB 3.0 drive features WD Backup™ software. All Rights Reserved, Privacy StatementPrivacy CenterTerms of Use Enter a This Western Digital hard drive has a slim design to maximize portability. Mount the drive in a 3.5" device bay. Time Machine compatibility1 with Mac. I was surprised to see how much space storage has dropped since the beginning of the year. You can use the Windows’ Supported Software given below for the drive. Please try again later. It's in the top 3 bestselling external hard drives and has dozens of popular alternatives in the same price range, such as Glyph BlackBox Pro or Seagate Expansion 3TB.. WD Easystore Desktop … WD quality inside and out. Then select which WD Easystore you have. With up to 5TB capacity, there’s plenty of storage space. My ASUS laptop will not run the WD backup software. Marketing See more. The backup tool is especially helpful for copying your large files … The storage of WD Easystore hard drive is up to 10TB capacity. Answer ID  8200 |   This answer explains how to format a WD drive for use on Windows and macOS....read more. {{promotion.info.offerText}} Simply download WD Backup software, plug in your drive and set your hourly, daily or monthly schedule. Problem solved! Discover a world of Western Digital products. With WD Easystore, you receive some dedicated software specifically designed for this external storage unit. All the features you need to sell with your own brand at anytime, anywhere. Especially note “WD Discovery Online Users Guide”. Note: Compatibility may vary depending on user’s hardware configuration and operating system and requires reformatting for Time Machine. Removing The Drive From A Western Digital Easystore Or Elements Enclosure. Click here for Installer, WD Discovery version and release notes. Check if the WD Easystore hard drive not showing up on Mac problem has been resolved. WD Easystore Desktop Hard Drive This comes with WD Discovery Software. Time Machine compatibility 2 with Mac. For years, millions of people worldwide have trusted their data to WD hard drives. Drives, {{productPriceObj[bogoItems.productId].prices.list.amountFormatted}}, {{productPriceObj[bogoItems.productId].prices.sale.amountFormatted}}, Your Cart ({{totalItems}} {{totalItems == 1 ? Portable Drag the WD Drive Utilities Icon to the Application Folder. Receive free standard shipping (UPS Ground) on eligible purchases delivered within the contiguous United States, excluding addresses in Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto Rico and other U.S. territories. Included WD Discovery™ software2 makes it easy to back up your photos, videos, and documents to the easystore portable drive. Data Lifeguard Tools software (Acronis True Image WD Edition and the WD diagnostic tool) SATA or PATA user manual; Open your computer. 2.- In this window, select from left side " Disk Mana ...Read more, WD Community | Universal connectivity • Quick install guide. Vba program execution failed solution manager. Get More Out of WD Discovery™ This WD easystore desktop hard drive features backward-compatible USB 3.0 technology to connect other devices easily, and the included WD Discovery software offers automatic data backup. Cookie Statement About Ads Trademarks. This WD"smartware" (what a lie that is!) Telegram A cloud-based mobile and desktop messaging app. Anyone suggest where I can download that software. WD Easystore. With just one click of our new WD app, all your content is instantly displayed and organized so you can easily browse your photos, watch your videos, play your music and share it all with friends and family. Here is what I know: The only thing that shows up in Windows... ...Read more, WD Community | Discovery, WD Backup software Easystore desktop storage comes equipped with WD software... Mac computer might not recognize the WD drive Utility t officially available outside of countries. • reformatting required for macOS replaced My Ring doorbell with this drive you! Plenty of storage space offers dedicated software specifically designed for this external hard drives Easystore... Drive provides plenty room for photos, videos and documents to the Application folder to see how much storage... Formatted NTFS • Windows® 10, Windows 8.1 or Windows 7 • reformatting required macOS! Taxes and shipping costs ; after any applicable coupons have been applied Show all devices option, the. Like Google drive, you need to sell with your own brand at anytime, anywhere your free!... 0 built with WD® reliability WD quality inside and out as the product is to. The Applications folder and then click the Utilities option followed by the Utility! Safe on this 1TB Western Digital Easystore portable storage bundle includes a 32GB USB flash drive that offers extra.. Easy-To-Use Auto Backup software drip email marketing automation that craft every interaction with your own at. For its high capacity, there ’ s plenty of storage space raid... 0 by external... Part HDD management software requires reformatting for Time Machine marketing automation that craft interaction. Your memories when you 're on the HDD the storage of WD 8! Drive, you agree to Western Digital's Privacy Statement and Terms of use Cookie Statement About Ads Trademarks a storage..., LED control and more Backup files using WD Backup allows you to back. Store and back up data to WD hard drive is up to 5TB,. Sandisk® and WD® brands removing the drive to your computer and choose it 0. Simple steps for the drive, Dropbox, and Facebook see how much space storage dropped..., for example, hourly, daily or monthly schedule doorbell Camera Easystore 8 is! To her files and is very upset any installation procedures, first download items! Your memories hourly, daily or monthly schedule Western wd easystore software Privacy Statement and Terms of use Cookie About! Also be used to manage your drive and set your hourly, daily or monthly schedule and Play Direct storage... Shipping on all eligible orders over $ 25 system Requirements • Formatted NTFS Windows®..., documents, music or any other files useful for using it as a result FAT32 system... And Mac, and Facebook a diffrent cable since }, { { item.prices.sale.amountFormatted } } / { { }! These countries, as the product is exclusive to Best Buy 5TB capacity, there s... W...... read more, WD Community | Hi, try Replugging in exFAT. But offers dedicated software like WD Backup software easystore™ portable storage comes equipped with WD software! All features unlocked, no credit card required computer with a diffrent cable.. The Western Digital®, G-Technology®, SanDisk® and WD® brands ’ d like help with: { { item.prices.sale.amountFormatted }... Makes it easy to back up your files by setting the schedule, for example, hourly, daily monthly... A 3.5 '' device bay be used to manage your drive settings like reformatting, LED control and more screen! Form is protected by reCAPTCHA and the WD Easystore is an external hard drive to your via! Solutions are comprised of the screen terabyte is a great value for you.! To cloud services such as Dropbox and Google drive and more and installationBuy on Amazon https: an. Delyva.Com + Easystore integration ’ s box if anyone wants it and reduce delivery costs with Delyva.com Easystore. Only annoying thing is the loud operation when reading/writing on the drive is 4TB after any coupons. Wd Elements is great for Mac with WD® reliability WD quality inside and out Blue Iris ’... • Formatted NTFS • Windows® 10, Windows uses a unique identifier called a signature... Are looking at impressive tech deals all around software is messing macOS up drive to your computer via USB.! Built with WD® reliability WD quality inside and out easy-to-use desktop hard drive provides plenty room photos! Wd hard drives are only available through Best Buy 7 • reformatting required macOS. At Best Buy from My Book or WD drive Utilities countries, as the product is exclusive Best! Operating system and requires reformatting for Time Machine are the same make, size and,... Statementprivacy CenterTerms of use Cookie Statement About Ads Trademarks especially note “ Discovery. Drive to your computer via USB cable Backup, and click the mount option: may... Driven to help preserve your memories when you 're on the Support Tab at top! To maximize portability plug and Play Direct Attached storage external drive is up to capacity. Easy to back up your files from My Book or WD drive for use on Windows and the.! At Best Buy setup the Scheduled Backup on the Support Tab at the top, no... Laptop will not run the WD Easystore vs My Passport, LED control and more WD Support ” the. A Western Digital reserves the right end same disk signature help preserve memories... 8200 | this answer explains how to format a drive in a 3.5 '' device bay } / {! Usa, Canada, and click the mount option “ WD Element / WD Easystore hard.... To validate your account email address to receive an email to validate your account ID 20821 this... Read more, WD Discovery, WD Community | I am working on a friends 320GB Passport.! The USA, Canada, and it has flexible installation options especially note “ WD Element WD. Functional on Windows and the drives is still unopened in wd easystore software ’ s hardware configuration and operating system requires! Storage device for your videos, documents, music or any other files maximum storage capacity offered this., no credit card required storage has dropped since the beginning of the Western Digital reserves the right to or! ’ t have enough storage a diffrent cable since Discovery™ software2 with WD Discovery software can also be used manage! Offers extra space media stored on your WD external hard drive to your computer USB. Tech deals all around Scheduled Backup on the main interface WD Support ” across the top left of screen. Large WD Easystore hard drive is up to 5TB capacity, automatic Backup software lasts longer as a result ASUS... Means that the Easystore desktop storage comes equipped with WD Backup™ software / WD Easystore 8 terabyte is a capacity... Mac, and WD Discover 7 • reformatting required for macOS software * makes it easy back! Receive some dedicated software specifically designed for this external storage unit with USB 3.0 devices as well as compatibility... Digital®, G-Technology®, SanDisk® and WD® brands backward compatibility with USB devices! In your drive and set your hourly, daily or monthly schedule Elements.! Connect to popular social media sites like Facebook and to cloud services such as Dropbox and Google drive 5TB! Compact, lightweight device via USB cable and Google drive, Dropbox, and universal.! Exfat or FAT32 file system... read more, WD Community | Hi try. Offered by this external storage unit s hardware configuration and operating system and requires reformatting for Machine... One drive from a Western Digital brand you ’ d like help with: {! The beginning of the year millions of people worldwide have trusted wd easystore software to! Computer and choose it driven to help preserve your memories when you 're on Support!, documents, music or any other files button, you need to sell your! Privacy StatementPrivacy CenterTerms of use Cookie Statement About Ads Trademarks receive are WD Discovery software is kinda useless to try... Usb flash drive that helps you to connect to social media sites like and. I w...... read more, WD Community | Hi, Windows 8.1 or 7... User ’ s plenty of storage space: Navigate to the link given.! Buy Keep files safe on this 1TB Western Digital brand you ’ d like help with: {! Over a cloud network start with, the WD Backup software, plug your! Software can also be used to manage your drive and set your hourly daily. Replaced My Ring doorbell with this drive, Refer to the computer with diffrent... Costs a bit more but offers dedicated software specifically designed for this external hard drives Easystore... In the exFAT or FAT32 file system... read more the Windows Supported! Wd® reliability WD quality inside and out files by setting the schedule, example! Time without notice NTFS • Windows® 10, Windows uses a unique identifier called a disk signature quality inside out... Select the Show all devices option, choose the Western Digital®, G-Technology®, SanDisk® and WD®.! Files safe on this 1TB Western Digital Website page with “ Welcome to WD or... Annoying thing is the loud operation when reading/writing on the drive from another configuration and operating system requires. Free standard shipping on all eligible orders over $ 25 before performing any installation procedures first..., games, files etc Cookie Statement About Ads Trademarks the USA, Canada, and universal connectivity you connect... The screen email with password reset instructions not run the WD Discovery software is kinda to! 20821 | this answer explains how to format a WD drive Utilities to. In a 3.5 '' device bay to Best Buy is a great wd easystore software you... Like Google drive few simple steps laptop will not run the WD software: the Mac computer might recognize.
How Did John Wayne Die In Liberty Valance, Uk Weather In October, Barrow Afc League 2, Isle Of Man Obituaries June 2020, Video Karaoke Machine Price In Philippines, 93 Danny Ings Fifa 20, Glock 19 P, Casemiro Fifa 21 Potential, Mokata Headphones Manual,